26 Years International CADAC Course
Since 1965 when the first international postgraduate studies in technical sciences were established in the Republic of Macedonia, the Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology, IZIIS, has continuously been educating and training young engineers and junior academic staff in the field of earthquake engineering and engineering seismology. The most recognizable and world acknowledged attempt of IZIIS in the field of education and seismic risk reduction in the countries worldwide is the International Course on Aseismic Design and Construction.
In 1982, within the frames of the bilateral scientific and technological cooperation between the governments of former Yugoslavia and the Royal Netherlands, IZIIS established the first international course intended for upgrading of professional knowledge of structural engineers from developing countries, recognizable worldwide under the title CADAC (CADAC – Course on Aseismic Design and Construction). This course was mainly sponsored by the Department for International Education at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Royal Netherlands, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Macedonia, IZIIS and, during the last years of the course, the Council of Europe. This course which was aimed at transferring knowledge in the field of earthquake engineering to junior university lecturing staff from developing countries, has continuously been held for 26 years.
Taking into account the fact that earthquake engineering is a scientific discipline that has been developed for the last several decades, all countries should be focused on training of staff in this specialized field. In the attempts aimed at prevention and mitigation of earthquake consequences, engineers play a significant role. They are responsible for development of technical regulations for design and construction of seismically resistant structures and creation of conditions for their practical application.
For the anticipated three-month period, through lectures, laboratory and computer workshops, the participants in the course were familiarized with the main principles of design, analysis and construction of seismically resistant high rise structures of different structural systems and materials, seismically resistant engineering and infrastructure facilities. In addition to the main lectures given by the lecturing staff of the Institute, each of the twenty six generations had the opportunity to learn about the latest achievements from invited professors from the most renowned universities worldwide. Also, for each generation, a scientific trip in our country was organized whereat the participants were familiarized with the production capacities, the specific and important structures from structural aspects as well as the beauties of the Republic of Macedonia. The Course management body that was responsible for the educative, social and administrative aspects of the Course was permanently in contact with the participants during their stay.
Despite the complicated economic situation and all the turbulances that affected the countries in the Balkan in the nineties, the Institute succeeded in maintaining the CADAC continuity for 26 years. Through its permanent evaluation by experts from the Netherlands and the Republic of Macedonia, the quality of the course was maintained and permanently improved. For 26 years of its continuous existence, 520 participants from 72 developing countries from Latin America, Asia, Africa and Europe were trained. In this way, the participants in the CADAC programme became part of the world network of missionaries, who contribute to the increase of the seismic stability and the welfare of their countries. Applying the experience and the knowledge acquired through the participation in the CADAC course, they left Macedonia ready to face different problems arising from the everyday engineering practice and academic research. Today, most of them are eminent members of the academic society, highly respected professionals and decision makers.
Noteworthy is the social component, which will remain deep in the memories of all those who participated in CADAC, i.e., the lecturing staff, the Institute’s employees and all 520 participants. At the end of each course, the candidates went to their countries not only with enriched knowledge, which was the objective of the course, but also nice impressions about Macedonia as “a country in which they had beautiful, unforgettable moments, made friends with other peoples and religions, a country in which some of them saw snow for the first time, some drank a glass of beer for the first time or met the love of his/her life, a country which conquered part of their hearts forever”. At parting with CADAC, IZIIS and Macedonia, these emotions were often versified……
Considering education and transfer of knowledge as one of the main prerequisites for mitigation of consequences of natural disasters, the organization of the traditional CADAC course can be considered the greatest contribution of the governments of the Republic of Macedonia and the Royal Netherlands toward reduction of the seismic risk in developing countries and beyond. Irrespective of all other activities and achievements of the Institute, the UNDP office in Skopje accorded recognition to the CADAC course as an extraordinary, efficient and internationally recognized instrument that promoted the culture of prevention of risks, reduction and mitigation of the consequences of disasters in developing countries.
In accordance with the changed policy of the Government of the Royal Netherlands, their financing of this course ceased in 2007, so CADAC 2007 was the last course financed in this way, i.e., by coverage of the total expenses of the participants according to the “from home to home” system. For the developing countries situated in seismically active regions, the existence of such courses is of a particular importance considering creation of conditions for construction of seismically safe structures and hence reduction of risk related to loss of human lives and huge economic losses during earthquake effects. Therefore, the organization of such courses that enable permanent upgrading of knowledge in the earthquake engineering field must be continued. The Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology is always ready to renew this course in future with all its available capacities and possibilities in the sense of teaching staff, classrooms, technical equipment and laboratories.
CADAC course coordinators:
Prof. Dr. Dimitar Jurukovski (1982 – 1984)
Prof. Dr. Predrag Gavrilovic (1985 – 1991)
Prof.Dr. Kosta Talaganov (1992 – 1998)
Prof. Dr. Mihail Garevski (1999 – 2002)
Prof. Dr. Veronika Shendova (2003 – 2007)
Permanent members of the CADAC management (1982 – 2007)
Assoc. Prof. Dragi Dojcinovski, principal assistant
Elizabeta Lape, secretary